Ancient Empire Of Ghana, Gold Coast And Ghana

 

A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots.” ~ Marcus Garvey.

Gold Coast attained its independence from colonial rule on 6th March 1957 and became known as Ghana.

Ghana became the first black African country to have its independence led by the famous Pan-African leader Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.

The first stamps issued by Ghana to commemorate Ghana’s independence on March 6, 1957 With Kwame Nkrumah, the first president of Ghana

Before Gold Coast and now Ghana was the Ancient Ghana Empire, which was founded in or around AD300. (South of the Sahara)

 

The capital was Koumbi Saleh and they mainly spoke Sonnke Mande.

Founded by Sonika, Ancient Ghana (also known as Wagadou) was one of the powerful and greatest trading empires in West Africa.

The reason for their dominance was because, they were the fast state to produce their own iron and weapons. Also their geographical location gave them advantage. Making them more powerful and sort after state.

During the  Trans-Saharan trade, kings of Ancient Ghana built their wealth one products such as gold, salt, iron…

Gold was the most common currency during that time, and because Ancient Ghana had more than gold than any other country everyone was willing to trade with them.

Because of their envious position they had to protect themselves. They had about 200,000 soldiers fighting and defending the territory with the homemade iron made weapons.

Major products the kings lacked was salt, fortunately The Sanhaja Berbers who that crossed the Sahara from North Africa and brought much-need salt so they used as barter system (exchanged gold for salt)

Double taxation, was another contributing factor Ancient Ghana’s wealth. Goods were often taxed 2x coming in and going out of the state.

The Trans-Saharan trade made Ancient Ghana the most powerful and feared state, the kings and rulers became filthy rich.

These great kings resided in the capital at Koumbi Saleh where they controlled all the gold.

Some of the powerful kings of Ancient Ghana includes: Soninke King Kaya Magan of Wagadou, Farbas Bassi of Ghana, was one of the great leaders. it was under his watch that Ghana empire was conquered by the Almoravids…

 

The kings of Ancient Ghana welcomed the muslim traders who brought their own religion with them. Even though the Kings didn’t convert to Islam. They allowed the muslim traders to build their own muslim townships in Ghana.

 

This kind gesture is what in the long run brought the great Ancient Ghana down.

Farbas Bassi ruled from 1040 to 1062 and had a good relationship with the Muslims, however Almoravids, was not pleased that not everyone had converted Islam.

Around 1050, an extremely aggressive muslim religious movement emerged from the desert area making its waging way with anyone who refused to covert to their faith.

In 1076 they took over the capital of Ancent Ghana and forced the people to convert to Islam or be killed. Others use marriage as means of converting the people to Islam.

Almoravids were very ruthless, the brutalities, killings etc continued for more than 10 years

The Ghana Empire finally collapsed around 12th century. It never recovered from the invasion of Almoravids. Some of the other factors was because other competing merchandising routes opened around Ghana Empire…

The founder of the Mali Sundiata Keita later took control the the Ghana (1240 )

 

The fall of Ghana empire was the ‘greatest betrayer in the history of African race.’

They had everything going for them, is rather unfortunate they were brutalised by the very people they allowed to settle amongst them…

Looking at the current Geographical position of Ghana, Ancient Ghana Empire is not directly linked to Ghana

 

 

 

“Until the lions have their own historians, the history of the hunt will always glorify the hunter.” ~ Chinua Achebe.

 

Source/Credit: Ghana Education/Research/Wiki/Ghana History

Jimmy Jean-Louis -at-cape-coast-castle Jimmy Jean-Louis -at-cape-coast-castleHaitian Hollywood star actor, Jimmy Jean-Louis has visited the  Cape Coast Castle where he went on an emotional journey of how slaves were transported from Africa to Europe and elsewhere in the years of slave trade. Cape Coast Castle is one of about thirty “slave castles”, or large commercial forts, built on the Gold Coast of West Africa (now Ghana) by European traders. It was originally built by the Swedes for trade in timber and gold, but later used in the trans-Atlantic slave trade. Other Ghanaian slave castles include Elmina Castle and Fort Christiansborg. They were used to hold slaves before they were loaded onto ships and sold in the Americas, especially the Caribbean. This “gate of no return” was the last stop before crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

Gaining its independence in 1804, Haiti was the first independent nation of Latin America and the Caribbean, the second republic in the Americas, and the only nation in the world established as a result of a successful slave revolt. Its successful revolution by slaves and free people of color lasted nearly a decade; all the first leaders of government were former slaves. Haiti is one of two independent nations in the Americas (along with Canada) to designate French as an official language; the other French-speaking areas are all overseas départements, or collectivités, of France.

Source: spyghana.com

nkrumah nkrumahstamp nkrumahToday September 21 marks the 105th birthday of Ghana’s first President, Osagyefo Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.

In 2010, the late President John Mills instituted the Founders Day to celebrate the birthday of Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.

The day will be marked with lectures, symposiums and other programmes to highlight his achievements and vision.

The Convention People’s Party (CPP) which was founded by Nkrumah will celebrate the 105th birthday of their founder who was born September 21, 1909.

The celebration which began on September 14 has so far been highlighted by a series of activities including a durbar and launch of the reprint of ‘The Big Lie’, a book written by Nkrumah in 1969.

Since the Founders Day falls on Sunday, Monday has been declared a national holiday in Ghana.

The CPP says it is not enough to set a day aside as a holiday to celebrate Ghana’s first President, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah.

The party is calling for the day to be linked to an activity such as a cleanup exercise to make it more productive.

Speaking ahead of Dr Nkrumah’s 105 anniversary, the Deputy Communications Director of the party, Ernesto Yeboah also called on President Mahama to amend NLC decree 332, on election and public office qualification decree which bars some people from standing for election.


Biography

Kwame Nkrumah was born as Francis Nwia Kofi Ngonloma in Nkroful, Gold Coast.

He studied to be a teacher at Achimota School in Accra from 1925 to 1935.

He worked as a teacher in several schools in the Gold Coast including a Roman Catholic school in Axim, while he was saving money to continue his education in the United States of America.

In 1935, Nkrumah sailed from Takoradi, Gold Coast, to Liverpool, England, and made his way to London, England, where he applied and received his student visa from the American Embassy.

It was while Nkrumah was in London in late 1935 that he heard the news of the Invasion of Abyssinia by fascist Italy, an event that outraged the young Nkrumah. This prompted him to set his sights on a political career.

In October 1935, Nkrumah sailed from Liverpool to the United States, where he enrolled at the Lincoln University of Pennsylvania.

He completed his Bachelor of Arts degree in 1939, and then he completed his Bachelor of Sacred Theology degree in 1942.

Nkrumah also earned his Master of Science degree in education from the University of Pennsylvania in 1942, and then his M.A. in philosophy in 1943.

Return to the Gold Coast
In 1947, Nkrumah was invited to serve as the General Secretary to the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) under Joseph Boakye Danquah.

This political convention was exploring paths to independence. Nkrumah accepted the position and sailed for the Gold Coast.
After brief stops in Sierra Leone, Liberia, and the Ivory Coast, he arrived in the Gold Coast on 10 December 1947.

On 28 February 1948, police fired on African ex-servicemen protesting the rising cost of living, killing and injuring sixty eight.
The shooting spurred riots in Accra, Kumasi, and elsewhere.

The government suspected the United Gold Coast Convention (UGCC) was behind the protests and on 12 March 1948 arrested Nkrumah and other party leaders.

Realising their error, the British released the convention leaders on 12 April 1948.

After his imprisonment by the colonial government, Nkrumah emerged as the leader of the youth movement in 1948.

Facing international protests and internal resistance, the British decided to leave the Gold Coast.

Britain organized the first general election to be held under universal franchise on 5–10 February 1951.

Though Nkrumah was in jail, his party, CPP was elected by a landslide, taking 34 out of 38 elected seats in the Legislative Assembly.

Source: Ghana Broadcasting Corporation ‎-